Engineering a new class with the common name Elektromassklassifier (EMC
) is based on the phenomenon of generation of rotating turbulent gas flows of dense aerosol of charged particles - gas-dust plasma and its spontaneous separation in external fields. Technology still has no analogues in the world, although the first private inventor's certificate was received 20 years ago. EMC
Technology has unique features that make it a leader in various industries - from nanotechnology to processing man-made materials:
1) performance in a range from 30 nm to 1000 microns;
2) an unlimited number of fractions;
3) the ideal ecology (closed volume);
4) multi-functionality, ie simultaneously or separately can be made depending on the performance of EMC operations classification of powders in size, separation, grinding, mechanical activation of the surface, homogenization, a coating;
5) scalability - from discrete to continuous industrial laboratory;
6) high performance with low power consumption;
7) compatibility with other technological operations.
The work on following directions, using EMC
, in which developments were realized or obtained promising results on the stage of research and development.
A. The basic technology using EMC
A1. Separation of powders and heterogeneous mixtures such as natural and man-made materials (disaggregation, classification, separation of the parameter q / m, dedusting, enrichment).
A1.1. Kaolin, getting nanoclay and other nano-fillers.
A1.2. Enrichment of coal along with refinement.
A1.3. Getting a narrowly graded powders of various applications.
A2. Homogenization of powders (creation of composites and nanocomposites).
A2.1. Creating nanocomposites from carbon nanotubes to the binder - a structural material for six generations of fighters.
A2.2. Electrode materials for lithium batteries, NMP, SOFC.
A2.3. Creating homogeneous dosage forms.
A3. Shredding of plastic materials to nano-sized state.
A3.1. Obtaining metal nanopowders of lead, tin, zinc, magnesium and other alloys and microalloying for creating composites.
A3.2. Breakage of pharmaceuticals, natural medicines and nutritional supplements, food additives, to micron-and nano-size level.
A4. Mechanical activation and modification of powders without grinding.
A4.1. Recycling of ash carries with fluidized bed boilers to create zolotsementa.
A4.2. Activation of limestone for the effective removal of sulfur oxides when burning high sulfur coal in boilers with fluidized bed.
A4.3. Activation of fillers for super-concrete.
A5. Creating coatings with different architecture and relative density of 0.03 (technology CADM - charge aerosol deposition method) to 0.75 (technology MACADM - mechanically assisted charged aerosol deposition method).
A5.1. Nanoceramic wool for gas and liquid filters.
A5.3. Composites and nanocomposites with inter-linked microstructure for creating bi-and multi-functional materials with mutually exclusive properties: superhard and conductive, plastic and super-transparent and conductive.
A5.2. Highly porous substrate and mikrosfernye carriers for catalysts.
B. Basic technologies through a combination of EMC
with a planetary mill new generation:
B1. Obtaining pure ceramic powders, including but abrasive materials [8-13].
B1.1. Mechanosynthesis and obtaining nanopowders of ferroelectric barium titanate for multilayer capacitors up to 5 tons per year at a mill.
B1.2. Mechanosynthesis and obtaining nanopowders for piezomaterials c record characteristics based on PZN (PbZn1/3Nb2/3O3).
B1.3. Mechanosynthesis and obtaining pure powders of cubic scandium-stabilized zirconia solid electrolytes.
B1.4. Mechanosynthesis and production of pure nano-yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia for structural ceramics.
B1.5. Nanopowders for sintering of high quality pellets for fuel rods.
B2. Getting a ceramic nanocomposite cermets, mechanical alloys, organo-inorganic nanocomposites, nano-type G-matrix.
B2.1. Ceramic Composites for ND and SOFC.
B2.2. Cermet based perovskites and nickel for the anode in the SOFC.
B.2.3. Getting composites for thermoelectric materials.
B2.4. Dense multi oksidnokeramicheskie membranes with low shrinkage during sintering for fuel cells, catalytic reactors.
C. Basic technology based on a continuous line of EMC
with a combined separator:
C.1. Integrated heterogeneous processing technology of man-made raw materials.
C1.1. Recycling of fly ash coals with obtaining mikrosfernogo filler for polymers and Supercement, products for the construction industry - the Alpha and Delta, Coke, cenospheres, concentrate REEs and uranium, the magnetosphere, alumina, white carbon black nanoparticles of particular forms.
C.1.1.1. Coated cenospheres - when covered with carbon absorbent uranium, vanadium in the exhaust gas thermal power plants, metal oxides - fillers in paints, protective coatings with special properties, catalysts in the gas processing and organic synthesis.
C1.1.2. Stuffed perforated cenospheres - catalyst carriers, bulk explosives for the blast, microreactors, "smart" particles.
C1.1.3. Nanoparticles in the form of hedgehogs, fibers as fillers in composites.
C1.2. Recycling of fly ash from brown coal in a binder, the magnetosphere, coke, soil stabilizer.
C2. Complex processing of mineral raw materials.
C2.1. Brick and complex technology of processing of polymetallic ores.
C2.2. Processing shungites - natural raw materials containing nanocarbon.