Eco-village - the ideology and the basis of low-rise construction.
In Russia, the two extremes in construction: a high-rise, which are local monopolies or large organizations, or individual low-rise. Both extremes are extremely costly in nature and very far from optimal solutions.
Continued urbanization associated with the construction of very old apartment buildings on top of existing networks and infrastructure, leading to a rapid kollapsu transportation arteries, destroying roads, a sharp rise in industrial accidents, rapid and irreversible deterioration of the environment, because the problem of garbage in cities built in our climate is not the solution.
Private construction is disorganized, but with reference to the same infrastructure, extremely unprofessional and unfit for building the base. As a result, the construction lasts for years (only because of the real value of the home may increase by several times). By this method the adventure of building the state encourages citizens.
In both cases, under construction housing outdated 20-30 years ago, its maintenance is extremely costly nature, tied to the Monopolies and does not meet the standards of comfort and safety of the 21 century. New housing is connected with the old infrastructure and fully bears all of its risks. New housing does not meet current challenges and trends, such as the development of modern means of communication (Internet, mobile communications, the rapid increase in the share of services in GDP), 1-2 cars in the family, the coming gasoline crisis (oil on the ground for 20-40 years, growth gasoline prices by 2 times faster than inflation), the unprecedented rapid climate change, which inevitably povlechet in the coming years statutory limitation of greenhouse gas emissions (existing and under construction housing in this absolutely does not adapt).
Eco-Village - almost self-contained towns with its infrastructure, minimally associated with existing networks (still remains a need for power, but when the first eco-settlement will be effective demand for mini-power plants on natural gas or biogas with an efficiency of about 60%, but because of the heat recovery efficiency on the ground will be close to 100% instead of the current 25%), wind turbines, mini-hydro, etc. In the future, Eco-Village will have two contacts with the infrastructure - gas or electric network (in places the presence of small hydro power or wind, and without it), and the road, so it will be possible even development in Russia. In eco-villages can be even in our climate (the calculations are made for the latitude of Novosibirsk with an average annual temperature of 0 degrees) to go for sustainable type of development, ie not exert pressure on the environment, not to consume non-renewable resources. The possibility of building such settlements actually appeared recently, including thanks to the emergence of new materials on the market (polycarbonate, of polyurethane foam, foil, plastic, glass packages, films), the new technologies.
The author of the project assembled a package the best compatibility for solutions to build eco-village with infrastructure in a short construction season - 5 months (+2 to finishing work inside the house). One it provides at least a factor of 2 reduction in the value of the house. Lack of communication further reduces the initial barrier of time and cost and decreases the operating costs. Among the main ideas can be called organized individual housing construction, creating a single assembly line production of materials, together with the construction.
For the processing of local resources, or improve them developed a number of mini-technologies based on unique technology EMC
. Package solutions ensures uninterrupted construction schedule by time, ie build houses made mostly on the spot with unsteady stroykombinata materials (gruntobloki, facing brick, compressed blocks of straw in a vacuum packaging, plates zoloarbolita, etc.). The maximum available energy of the sun and the wind in the manufacture of building blocks from ground (otherwise it would require a medium level of energy companies!).
Transportation costs are reduced by an order, loading and unloading operations are minimized. Heavy machinery at construction is not used. Site by the construction will not suffer any damage - the planned landing will begin during the construction!
For our climate appropriate building smart houses with the collective center services in the form of polumansardnyh townhouses (chains of semi-detached houses - from 2 to complete the street), because in this case does not require heating and the associated risks and costs. Usually, the proposed measures to save energy in the presence of the boiler in the house or bind to the thermal network is actually very unprofitable.
We found a radical solution: a reasonable reduction of all heat loss + accumulation of solar heat can remove the normal heating system from home on the stage of the project with a sharp decline in costs. The house is a reserve fire (the house without a fireplace - not a house), which will burn wood (probably for comfort - their need for 3-living in a house 0.5-1 cubic meter during the winter to ensure comfortable conditions at the peak of frost), which are actually stored solar energy.
For the existing classification of homes in ekoposelke are mansions for the wealthy - an area of over 200 sq ft (at the cost of such a scale sq ft minimum, and provided all other requirements for water, air, etc.). But the cost of homes is equivalent to the price of 2 or 3-room apartment on the market, ie reasonably affordable housing at higher rates of comfort than luxury apartments. Eco-Village in terms of housing close to the elite settlements near Moscow with the cost of homes over a million dollars.
In the eco-towns will not be made waste. Gray waste water will be disposed of in a basement for future irrigation area. Solid organic waste will be recycled for two years in the bioreactor Carousel in a warm basement, followed by disposal at the site in the form of fertilizer. Municipal solid waste will be collected separately and pre-processed on the scale of the village (rather than high costs and environmental pollution - the profit on the secondary resources).
Each home will have a warm garage for 2 cars, who is also a thermal buffer. One car can be used for local trips and fill in biofuels in the village, which will be made here, including of waste. The second car on a conventional fuel will be used for longer trips. This feature is characteristic only of eco-settlements and within a few years it will solve their advantage over conventional housing. Parking in our cities has no acceptable solutions on the background of accelerated growth in the number of cars. In the west, revenues from parking a big part of the city budget.
Eco-Village is easily adapted to any changes in energy prices on the world market. Lifetime homes will be about 200 years (mainly determined by the wooden frame, treated biopirosostavom, insulation). Overhaul time about 30-50 years (depending on the plastic products - pipes, windows, solar collectors). After the operation in nature will not remain visible alien remains from the house in 10-20 years.
The water supply system is based on the collection of rainfall from the roof (including for this reason, small houses with an area of 150 sq.m. - cottages on the existing classification - are ineffective), clean-up for technical needs. Drinking water - food. It was a joint performance of engineering systems - water and heat, and full use of excavate to create a massive, accumulating heat, the walls makes it possible to create a home without heat in Siberia.
Passive house - the most progressive and always current trends in construction - can be built in Siberia.
You can download the business plan of eco-village in Russian.